13 Herbalists
Circle of 13 Herbalists

In the passing of ancient herbal knowledge, we are the benefactors of herbal wisdom, passed down through the ages.
Evidence of herbalism dates to 25,000 BC, as depicted in a cave drawing in Lascaux France, and herbalism is even mentioned in the New Testament.
The Papyrus Ebers from 1550 BC covers over 700 herbs used in medicinal treatments. Herbal remedies have been found in clay jars inside Egyptian tombs.
The Greeks and Romans began medicinal studies, which eventually led to Hippocrates and Western medicine.
The De Materia Medica, written by Greek physician Pedanius Dioscorides in the 1st century, was the leading authority on herbal medicines through the 17th century. The writings of the Romans and the Greeks were preserved by the monks who painstakingly copied manuscripts by hand, while folk medicine continued with wise men and wise women prescribing herbal remedies
The Canon of Medicine of 1025 is considered by most to be the first pharmacopoeia with over 800 plants and minerals. And during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries many illustrated herbals were written in English, two of the best-known herbals, "General History of Plants" 1597 by Gerard and "The English Physician Enlarged" 1653 by Nicholas Culpeper.
The United States pharmacopoeia list Close to 7,000 medical compounds.
Most herbal medicines are taken in the form of teas and plant extracts and consumed in liquids.
Tisanes, or herbal teas are made in a few ways, an infusion in hot water by steeping, and decoctions are boiled for longer periods for harder substances such as roots and bark. And cold infusions are used for plants with high mucilage content, these plants are chopped, added to cold water, and left to stand for up to 10 hours.
Alcohol extracts are called tincture , they are usually stronger the herbal teas. Tinctures are usually obtained by soaking herb in a mixture of 100% ethanol and water.
A tincture should have an ethanol percentage between 25% and 90%, depending on the herbal mixture.

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This publication is not intended to be a tool for diagnostic or prescriptual health care. This is an educational reference and not a substitute for qualified health care practitioners. The author(s) assumes no responsibilities for the use of any herb or procedure in this publication.